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Soviet Fighter Aircraft : Polikarpov I-16 (Type 18/24/28)



The Polikarpov I-16 (Russian: Поликарпов И-16) is a Soviet single-engine single-seat fighter aircraft of revolutionary design; it was the world's first low-wing cantilever monoplane fighter with retractable landing gear to attain operational status and as such "introduced a new vogue in fighter design". The I-16 was introduced in the mid-1930s and formed the backbone of the Soviet Air Force at the beginning of World WarII. The diminutive fighter, nicknamed "Ishak" or "Ishachok" ("donkey" or "burro") by Soviet pilots, figured prominently in the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, Winter War and the Spanish Civil War – where it was called the Rata ("rat") by the Nationalists or Mosca ("fly") by the Republicans.


I-16 Type 18

Type 10 with Shvetsov M-62 engine producing 620kW (830hp), with a two-speed supercharger and a variable-pitch propeller. Capable of carrying two 100L (26US gal) underwing fuel tanks.

I-16 Type 24

Four ShKAS, landing flaps replaced drooping ailerons, tailwheel added, second cockpit door added on the starboard side, Shvetsov M-63 engine with 670kW (900hp).

I-16 Type 28

Type 24 with two ShKAS and two ShVAK.


Model Specifications [wikipedia]